Scope & Sequence - Insights: Comprehension Strategies for Kindergarten

Unit 1: Following Directions 1

Develop an understanding of spatial relation concepts by

  • understanding familiar spatial relation words (up, down, on, off, in, out, near, far, over, under)
  • following directions using spatial concepts
  • associating spatial relation words with visual and oral representations
  • enacting spatial concepts from a story
  • following two-step verbal directions to create a story using spatial relation words

Unit 2: Identifying Missing Details

Identify similarities and differences by

  • comparing pictures that differ in many, few, and only one detail
  • isolating pictures and objects that are similar or different
  • providing appropriate missing details to complete a picture in a series
  • identifying differences and similarities among shapes

Unit 3: Following Directions II

Follow sequential directions by

  • demonstrating knowledge of spatial concepts related to parts of a page (top, bottom, middle, left, right)
  • following oral directions with spatial words to draw, cut, fold, paste, and construct an object
  • applying knowledge of spatial relation words to geometric shapes
  • assembling shapes to complete a picture

Unit 4: Learning About Numerals

Identify numerals 0 through 9 by

  • making associations between numbers and objects
  • associating numerals with their appropriate names
  • comparing numerals to familiar shapes
  • making visual associations between numerals and objects
  • identifying numerals in and out of sequence
  • establishing symbol/sound/word relationships

Unit 5: Categorizing Sensory Experience

Interpret sensory information as presented in story clues and illustrations by

  • analyzing sound opposites (high, low; loud, soft)
  • exploring sound as a clue to situation and identity
  • evaluating and associating smells associated with certain places
  • discriminating between activities of hearing, smelling, and seeing as depicted in art
  • refining students’ understanding of sight
  • analyzing the sensation of taste
  • determining the identity of objects by touch
  • using the five senses to identify, locate, and describe
  • analyzing personal response to pictures in order to discriminate among the five senses

Unit 6: Distinguishing Between Real and Make-Believe

Separate the real from the make-believe by

  • comparing a picture to an actual object
  • distinguishing between real and make-believe objects in pictures
  • identifying the make-believe components in a picture
  • categorizing real and make-believe pictures
  • converting real objects in pictures to make-believe objects
  • using words to create mental pictures of real and make-believe objects
  • creating appropriately real or make-believe mental pictures while reading or listening to stories

Unit 7: Predicting Outcomes

Predict outcomes by

  • using personal experience to understand a progression of events
  • considering the possibility of different endings
  • recognizing the three parts of a story and their functions: the beginning, in which the characters and setting are introduced; the middle, in which the plot is developed; and the end, in which the resolution is provided
  • using the way a story develops to predict the ending