Scope & Sequence - Insights: Comprehension Strategies for Grade 8

Unit 1: Using Context Clues

Infer meaning of unfamiliar words from context by

  • using shared meaning elements to extract the meaning of an unfamiliar word
  • differentiating between adequate context (sufficient clues) and inadequate context (insufficient clues)
  • using the dictionary to find word meaning when there is inadequate context
  • writing definitions for new words, using sentence and passage context
  • using the new words in new contexts by writing prose

Unit 2: Analyzing Literary Structures

Evaluate the cohesion of setting, mood, and plot by

  • making inferences about setting and mood
  • interpreting unfinished or interrupted dialogue
  • analyzing conflict resolution/resolution plot lines: person against himself or herself, person against nature, and person against others
  • analyzing the sequence of events: chronological events, simultaneous events, and flashbacks
  • writing a plot summary that includes the main events related to the type of conflict/resolution plot line
  • analyzing stories and plays
  • interpreting the theme in relation to the plot

Unit 3: Interpreting Figurative Language and Poetry

Interpret figurative language and symbols in poetry by

  • analyzing figurative words and expressions that create mood or rhythm, suggest sounds or movement, and make unusual comparisons
  • defining and using alliteration, onomatopoeia, hyperbole, personification, similes, and metaphors
  • inferring symbolic meaning from attributes and functions
  • identifying key symbols and their corresponding symbolic meaning
  • inferring the main idea of a poem from its key symbols

Unit 4: From Facts to Complex Inferences

Make valid inferences by

  • defining valid and invalid inferences
  • making plot, setting, and character motive inferences by integrating clues in the article with one’s own knowledge while reading
  • turning inferences into questions
  • rereading with questions in mind
  • locating the part of the passage related to one’s questions
  • evaluating an inference to see if it is valid or invalid by referring back to the facts in the article
  • deriving and evaluating inferences from figurative expressions and descriptive details
  • analyzing clues in complex prose and integrating related personal knowledge to make inferences and evaluate their validity

Unit 5: Summarizing and Evaluating Literature

Summarize and evaluate literature by

  • using a strategy to analyze the comparative intensity of word meaning
  • using graphic organizers, such as charts and webs, to analyze story structure and character relationships
  • taking notes on story elements (setting, plot, and character)
  • taking notes that trace the development of a character as revealed by action, direct statement, and dialogue
  • analyzing the effect of setting – environment, family and social groupings, political organizations, and economics – on plot and character
  • analyzing a novel by mapping the plot elements (opening, obstacles, events, climax, and resolution)
  • analyzing theme in a novel as it relates to the conflict and supporting the analysis with evidence
  • using notetaking strategies to evaluate theme and style
  • evaluating universal and current themes
  • writing four styles of book review that analyze, summarize, and evaluate the setting, plot, and characters in a novel