Scope & Sequence - Insights: Comprehension Strategies for Grade 5

Unit 1: Inferring the Five Ws and How

Make inferences by

  • differentiating literal comprehension from inferential comprehension
  • combining clues within realistic stories to make inferences about character, setting, and plot
  • using clues within fantasy passages to make inferences about 5W and How questions
  • visualizing story events as an aid to inferring elements of a complex story

Unit 2: Identifying Main Ideas and Details

Identify the topic sentence in a paragraph by

  • drawing a parallel between category items and labels, and between two-level outlines and main ideas and details
  • writing the topic sentence for a list of details
  • using the information in a list to create a two-level outline
  • constructing paragraphs from out-of-order sentences
  • identifying three basic paragraph structures
  • writing the missing main idea from paragraphs
  • summarizing the main idea of each paragraph
  • locating the main idea and details in a long passage
  • comparing special purpose paragraphs: question – answer, term – definition, and statement – proof

Unit 3: Analyzing Literary Techniques

Interpret the author’s meaning by

  • interpreting a character’s body language gestures as mood clues
  • categorizing moods and gestures
  • inferring the mood from setting, characters, and context clues
  • locating mood shift in a story
  • inferring mood from direct statement, action, and dialogue
  • identifying key words and phrases that convey mood

Unit 4: Summarizing

Understand how summaries represent the central idea of a paragraph by

  • summarizing descriptive paragraphs, using the main idea and its related details
  • summarizing explanatory paragraphs containing causal connections
  • paraphrasing paragraph summaries
  • analyzing paragraph summaries to deduce a title for an article
  • summarizing individual paragraphs in an article and combining paragraph summaries to create an article summary

Unit 5: Analyzing Facts and Comparisons

Evaluate statements as true or false and compare facts by

  • locating supporting facts for a statement within the passage in which it appears
  • differentiating direct statements from paraphrased statements
  • proving main idea statements with supporting detail sentences
  • identifying signal words for exaggeration
  • analyzing true/false statements
  • locating proof for statements in supporting details, pictures or diagrams
  • making diagrams or drawings to figure out relationships of items in a passage or problem
  • categorizing related statements
  • comparing categorized facts

Unit 6: Listening Comprehension and Note Taking

Use the elements of a story to take brief notes by

  • identifying the setting, the main character, and his or her goal in the beginning of the story
  • analyzing the obstacles to the goal, the attempts, and the subsequent results in the middle of the story
  • evaluating the final result at the end of the story in relation to the goal
  • inferring multiple goals, setting, and plot in the story
  • locating and using key words to represent the main elements of the story
  • establishing the relationship between the goal and the final result
  • summarizing the key events in a story